There are many causes of leg pain, each cause can vary in severity, and result in different symptoms and treatment options. The most common causes of leg pain are the following:
Car accidents. Car accidents can result in injuries ranging from broken bones to dislocation to bruising. If you were recently in a car accident and you’re experiencing leg pain, whether or not you felt it immediately after the accident or it gradually built after the fact, the trauma from the car accident may be causing your leg pain.
Cramps. Leg cramps are caused by the muscle in the leg tightening and feeling painful. Cramping can occur due to dehydration or lack of vitamins and minerals, like magnesium, potassium, sodium, B12, or calcium. Overusing your muscles during exercises or strenuous work can also result in muscle cramps and leg pain. Taking certain medications like statins and diuretics can also result in cramps.
Injuries. Injuries are another common cause of leg pain. Whether it’s from a car accident, a fall, or playing a sport, any injuries to the leg can result in leg pain. Common leg injuries include strains, fractures, and shin splints.
Tendonitis. Tendonitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the tendons, which connect the muscles and bones. The popliteus tendon is a tendon in the knee, which can be painful if inflamed, especially during downhill running.
Nerve damage. Nerve damage in the leg is more common for people with diabetes. It can cause numbness, pain, or tingling in the lower legs and feet.
Arthritis. Arthritis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the joints. It can cause pain, swelling, and redness and is common in the knees.
Peripheral artery disease. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), is caused by poor blood flow to the legs.
Infection. Infections of the bones, skin, or tissues in the leg can all result in leg pain.