Upper Back Pain
The upper back comprises the area between the base of the neck and the bottom of the ribcage. Pain in the upper back can result from poor posture and underlying injury or muscle strain.
For most people, mild or moderate pain in the upper back feels like:
Stiffness or tightness in the muscles
Tingling or numbing of the affected area followed by muscle weakness
Pain that radiates along the affected nerve
Lower Back Pain
It is the most common form of back pain in people and can result from stress and strain in the lower back and underlying injuries and diseases.
The lumbar spine or lower back consists of a complex structure of interconnected bones, muscles, ligaments, joints, and nerves. They support your upper body and assist in movements like twisting, bending, walking, and running.
Lower back pain can be:
Mechanical pain. It can be due to poor posture, daily wear and tear, other age-related factors, or any injury to that area.
Radicular pain. The pain can occur because of inflammation of the nerve roots. Radicular pain can be a sharp, burning sensation that follows the nerve roots to the buttocks or legs.
Some of the common symptoms of lower back pain are:
Acute pain. It comes suddenly and lasts for a few days and is usually a response to an injury or tissue damage;
Sub acute pain. The pain is mechanical and can last a prolonged time between 6 weeks to 3 months;
Chronic pain. It lasts more than three months and can be severe. It may not respond to standard treatment and can require thorough medical diagnosis and specialized treatment.
Middle Back Pain
The middle back or the thoracic spine includes the area of your back between the rib cage and the base of the spine. You can experience mid back pain because of the following causes:
Age-related problems, including thinning bones, reduced muscle mass, and reduced spinal fluids between joints
Herniated discs in the middle back do not always cause symptoms. Still, you can feel pain or numbing sensation in the affected area.
Kidney problems like stones or an underlying infection in the kidneys can cause pain in your middle back.
A fractured or broken bone in the vertebrae of your middle back can cause pain, tingling, or numbness in the affected area.
Structural problems like poor posture, stress and strain in the middle back, obesity, and other lifestyle factors like smoking can cause pain and discomfort in the middle back.
While most symptoms and their severity will depend on the cause of pain, some symptoms of middle back pain are as follows:
Numbness or tingling in the affected area
Muscle stiffness or tightness
Other symptoms that can arise due to severe conditions are:
Weakness in the arms and legs
Numbness /tingling in the arms, legs, or chest
Loss of bladder or bowel control