They encircle your head like a too-tight crown. Fortunately, you can do a lot on your own to prevent or relieve tension-type headaches.
Work pressures, relationship stress and other life challenges can cause tension headaches.
When you add repetitive activities and poor posture to the mix, the pain starts in your neck and shoulders, slowly travels up the base of your skull, and then wraps around your head.
For instance, the following activities can contribute to tension headaches:
+ Constantly looking down at your cell phone
+ Working at a computer all day
+ Driving for hours without rest
+ Playing video games for hours
+ Clenching your jaw at night or during the day
+ Sleeping on your stomach
These activities overstretch the muscles on the back of your neck and weaken them, increasing your susceptibility to tension headaches. The second part of the problem is that using any muscle too much leads to pain - and in some cases - muscle spasms.
Episodic tension headaches are often tied to stressful events. They typically come on quickly and are fairly painful. These headaches resolve once the stressful event is over or when you take over-the-counter medication.
Chronic tension headaches can recur daily. They may come on as you wake up or after a long day of work or activity. The muscles in your neck and scalp tend to stay contracted. Pain and tightness develop on both sides of the head, in the forehead and at the base of the skull.”
+ Minimize stress. Try to avoid or limit stressful events as much as possible.
+ Take breaks. Limit the time you spend looking down at your phone. Also, take breaks on long drives.
+ Adjust the way you sleep. Try sleeping on your back or on your side with a body pillow and your neck in neutral posture.
+ Exercise and stretch. Use a therapy cane or a hard therapy ball to massage out or stretch your neck and shoulder muscles.
+ See a dentist. If you’re clenching your jaw and getting headaches, look for a dentist knowledgeable about temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome. The right mouth guard can really help.
What about rubbing your temples when a tension headaches starts to build — does it help? Muscle tension varies, so rubbing on your temples may not bring relief, but rubbing on the tender spots, or trigger points, in your neck and shoulder muscles can help.
If tension headaches don’t go away after trying these suggestions, it may be time to look at the psychological stress in your life.
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